Celia Pitarch, Eduardo Caselles, Vicente Caselles


Fog and low-level stratus has a significant impact on transportation. 21% of aviation accidents are weather-related. And 19.8% of those accidents occur due to low visibility or dense fog. [1]
In order to improve the short range forecasting of radiation fog, and discriminate high clouds, during night, a satellite-based detection technique was developed using remote sensing. 
The study was carried out for 2012th February in Spain. 24 MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) night images, 9 from TERRA and 15 AQUA satellites were selected. 


National Transportation Safety Board. 2006. U.S. General Aviation, Calendar Year 2002. Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data NTSB/ARG06/02. Washington, D.C. [2] S. Chaurasia, V. Sathiyamoorthy, B. P. Shukla, B. Simon, P. C. Joshi and P. K. Pal. Night time fog detection using MODIS data over Northern India. Meteorological Applications, 2011. Vol. 18, 483 - 494. [3] K. Hutchison, E. Wong and S.C. Ou. Cloud base heights retrieved during night-time conditions with MODIS data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 2006. Vol. 27(14), 2847 - 2862. [4] R. M. Rodríguez Jiménez , A. Benito Capa, A. Portela Lozano. Meteorología y Climatología. Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología. Semana de la Ciencia y la Tecnología, 2004. ISBN: 84-688-8535-5 [5] K. D. Hutchinson. The retrieval of cloud base heights from MODIS and three-dimensional cloud fields from NASA's EOS Aqua mission. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 2002. Vol. 23 (24), 5249 - 5265.

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